Specialists: Doctors Who Go a Step Further
PCPThe doctor or nurse practitioner who coordinates your health care and is usually the first person you see for any medical problem.
can take care of most of your health care needs, sometimes you need a little more help. That's when your doctor may refer you to a specialist. A specialist is a doctor who focuses on diagnosing and treating a specific condition, or part of the body. In fact, there is a specialist for just about every part of your body—inside and out. Here are some common types of specialists:
Bone Doctor: Orthopedist
Diagnoses and treats problems of the bones and joints.
Cancer Doctor: Oncologist
Diagnoses and treats all types of cancers and consults with radiologists and surgeons on other treatments.
Eye Doctor: Ophthalmologist
Diagnoses and treats problems related to the eyes and vision, including vision correction with glasses or contact lenses, and treatment of eye diseases such as glaucoma.
Heart Doctor: Cardiologist
Diagnoses and treats disorders of the heart and blood vessels.
Stomach Doctor: Gastroenterologist
Diagnoses and treats problems of the stomach, pancreas, intestines, liver, and gall bladder, such as abdominal pain, ulcers, cancer, and jaundice.
Women's Doctor: Obstetrician/Gynecologist
Provides prenatal and pregnancy care, treats problems of the female reproductive organs, and helps through menopause.