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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Take the Emphysema Quiz

Emphysema is a long-term lung disease that usually gets worse over time. It's a form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). According to the American Lung Association, close to 5 million Americans have emphysema. Take this quiz to see what you know about this disease.

1. Cigarette smoking is the usual cause of emphysema.
2. The main symptom of emphysema is shortness of breath.
3. In emphysema, shortness of breath is caused by permanent damage to the small air sacs (alveoli) and small airways in the lungs.
4. Lung function—the ability to move air into and out of the lungs—declines with age.
5. Emphysema affects only the lungs.
6. Swelling of the ankles can be caused by problems linked to emphysema.
7. If you have emphysema, you should get a yearly flu shot.
8. Emphysema is diagnosed with a chest X-ray.
Online Medical Reviewer: Berry, Judith, PhD, APRN
Online Medical Reviewer: Blaivas, Allen J, DO
Date Last Reviewed: 7/1/2016
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