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Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is 2 times more
likely to strike a person with diabetes. Left untreated, high blood pressure can cause
serious health problems. These include:
A person with diabetes and high blood pressure is 4 times more likely to have heart
disease. And 2 out of 3 adults with diabetes have blood pressure higher than 130/80 mm Hg
(see below). Or they use prescription medicines for high blood pressure.
What is high blood pressure?
Blood pressure is the force of
blood pushing against your artery walls. Each time your heart beats, it pumps blood into
these arteries. The highest blood pressure occurs when your heart beats and is pumping
blood. High blood pressure raises the risk of heart attack and stroke. With high blood
pressure, the arteries may have more resistance against blood flow. Then the heart must
pump harder to circulate the blood.
Two numbers are used to measure
Top number (systolic
pressure). This is the pressure inside the artery when the heart beats.
Bottom number (diastolic
pressure). This is the pressure inside the artery when the heart rests
Both the systolic and diastolic pressures are recorded as mm Hg (millimeters of
Blood pressure is grouped as
normal, elevated, or stage 1 or stage 2 high blood pressure:
Normal blood pressure. Lower than 120/lower than 80
Elevated blood pressure. 120 to 129/Less than 80
Stage 1 high blood pressure. 130 to 139/ or diastolic between 80 and 89
Stage 2 high blood pressure. 140 or higher/or 90 or higher
Your healthcare provider will
recommend a blood pressure goal for you. This will be based on your own unique
What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?
Symptoms can be different for each
person. Often people with high blood pressure don't have symptoms you can see. If your
blood pressure is very high, you may have these symptoms:
The symptoms of high blood pressure
may look like other health conditions or problems. Always talk with your healthcare
provider for a diagnosis.
Preventing high blood pressure
These tips can help prevent high
Reduce your salt intake
Eat whole-grain breads and
Get to and stay at a healthy
Don't drink too much alcohol
Stop smoking and stay away
from secondhand smoke
Check your blood pressure at
Treatment for high blood pressure
Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age, and general health. It
will also depend on how severe the condition is.
Treatment may include exercise, a
balanced diet, and quitting smoking. Your healthcare provider may also prescribe
Online Medical Reviewer:
Raymond Kent Turley BSN MSN RN
Online Medical Reviewer:
Robert Hurd MD
Date Last Reviewed:
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